On History Day – June 8 – Almanac
Today is Tuesday, June 8, the 159th day of 2021 with 206 to follow.
The moon is declining. The morning stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. The evening stars are Mars, Mercury and Venus.
People born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include the astronomer / mathematician Giovanni Domenico Cassini in 1625; German composer Robert Schumann in 1810; former first lady Ida McKinley in 1847; architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1867; science fiction publisher John W. Campbell in 1910; British geneticist Francis Crick, who helped determine the “double helix” structure of DNA, in 1916; College Football Hall of Fame Fellow / United States Supreme Court Justice Byron White in 1917; the painter LeRoy Neiman in 1921; former first lady Barbara Bush in 1925; actor Jerry Stiller in 1927; comedian Joan Rivers in 1933; actor / singer James Darren in 1936 (85); astronaut Bruce McCandless II in 1937; singer Nancy Sinatra in 1940 (81 years old); actor Colin Baker in 1943 (78); singer / songwriter Boz Scaggs in 1944 (77 years old); actor Kathy Baker in 1950 (71); singer Bonnie Tyler in 1951 (70); actor Griffin Dunne in 1955 (66); the cartoonist “Dilbert” Scott Adams in 1957 (64); actor Keenen Ivory Wayans in 1958 (63); rock musician Nick Rhodes in 1962 (59); actor Frank Grillo in 1965 (56 years old); actress Julianna Margulies in 1966 (55); gun control advocate / former representative Gabby Giffords in 1970 (age 51); rapper Kanye West in 1977 (44); TV personality Maria Menounos in 1978 (43 years old); Ashley Biden, daughter of President Joe Biden, in 1981 (40); actor Torrey Devitto in 1984 (37).
At this date in history:
In 1789, James Madison proposed the Bill of Rights, which led to the first 10 Amendments to the US Constitution.
In 1869, Ives McGaffney of Chicago obtained a patent for a “sweeper”, the first vacuum cleaner.
In 1949, an FBI report identified several Hollywood figures – including Frederic March, Dalton Trumbo, John Garfield, Paul Muni, and Edward G. Robinson – as members of the Communist Party. The publication of the document came amid a so-called Red Scare in the United States.
In 1967, the USS Liberty, an intelligence vessel navigating in international waters off Egypt, was attacked by Israeli jets and torpedo boats. Thirty-four Americans were killed in the attack, which Israel said was a case of mistaken identity.
In 1968, James Earl Ray, an escaped convict, was arrested in London and charged with the April 4 assassination of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. Ray died in prison in 1998.
In 1986 Austrian voters elected Kurt Waldheim president. The former UN Secretary General’s campaign has been marred by allegations that he was involved in Nazi war crimes.
In 1994, two of the main warring factions in Bosnia, the Muslim-Croat federation and the Bosnian Serbs, signed a ceasefire agreement.
In 1995, the US Marines rescued downed US pilot Scott O’Grady in Bosnia.
In 2006, the leader of al-Qaida in Iraq, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, and seven others were confirmed killed in an airstrike on a house north of Baquba.
In 2009, North Korea sentenced US journalists Euna Lee and Laura Ling to 12 years in prison for “illegal entry”. They were released after a visit from former US President Bill Clinton.
In 2012, US Naval General John Allen, Commander of NATO forces in Afghanistan, apologized to the Afghan people for the deaths of 18 civilians, including children, in an airstrike.
In 2013, Princess Madeleine of Sweden married Anglo-American businessman Christopher O’Neill.
In 2020, New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said the country had eliminated national transmission of COVID-19.
A thought for the day: Actor and motivational speaker Mr. T said, “For a lot of people, it’s easy to quit, but don’t do it; it’s what separates the winners from the losers, what separates stars from others. “